AI-Econ Lab


Welcome to the AI-Econ Lab!

At the AI-Econ Lab, we are interested in how rapid advances in artificial intelligence (AI) reshape the nature of work and especially for white collar workers and in services.

We are an international and multidisciplinary research team, with participants from eight countries and four disciplines (economics, computer science, management, statistics). We also cooperate with relevant organisations, e.g., white collar worker and business organisations.

The AI-Econ Lab was initiated in 2019, established in 2020, and is led by associate professor Magnus Lodefalk and in cooperation with professor Hildegunn Kyvik-Nordås. The AI-Econ Lab is located at Örebro University, which is a hub for AI development in Sweden. The AI-Econ Lab also has two partner institutions, the Ratio Institute and Entrepreneurship Forum.


10 May 2021, paper published in Frontiers in Robotics and AI: "Drivers of automation and consequences for jobs in engineering services: an agent-based modelling approach".

April 2021, paper on labour dynamics and AI accepted for the ILERA world congress.

23 December, 2020, new working paper released on the drivers of automation and consequences for jobs in engineering services (ORU Working Paper in Economics 16/2020).

25 November, 2020, Conference online on "The Impact of AI on White Collar Work".

19 November, 2020, presentation at the Trade Policy Research Forum, a monthly webinar series.

November 2020, presentation of two papers at the TIISA annual conference and PhD workshop, Beijing and online.

14 October, 2020 - Call for Papers - Conference online on "The Impact of AI on White Collar Work", November 25 2020.

1 October, 2020 - two AI-Econ Lab papers accepted for an upcoming international conference.

4 June, 2020, presentation at the AGAINST20 workshop, at the annual International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) of the IEEE Robotics & Automation Society.

12 May, 2020 - Research grant from Jan Wallanders och Tom Hedelius Stiftelse (Fv20-0023), 227k SEK.

18 March, 2020 - PhD student recruited (starts August 17, 2020).

16 February, 2020 - Deadline for applying to our PhD-position in economics, financed by the Ratio Institute.

4 September, 2019 - Presentation of the research, Economic Policy Forum, Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm.

13 May, 2019 - Research grant from Jan Wallanders och Tom Hedelius Stiftelse (P19-0234), 1.5 mn SEK.

Contacting the Lab

To get in touch, you may contact us at:

  • E-mail: magnus.lodefalk(at)oru(dot)se.

  • Phone: +46 (0)722 21 73 40

  • Mailing address: Örebro University, SE-701 82 Örebro, Sweden

If you are interested in collaborating or writing theses, send us an e-mail. There may be possibilities for external funding for doctoral students and post-doctoral positions.


Economics and Statistics

Holger Breinlich, professor (University of Surrey)

Holger B. is a professor at University of Surrey, UK. His research on the impact of trade policy on firms and consumer welfare has been published in the top journals. He has recently advised the OECD on a project on the labour market effects of service trade policies.

Anca Cristea, associate professor (University of Oregon)

Anca is an associate professor at University of Oregon, USA, with top publications, e.g., in Journal of International Economics. Her research is centred on foreign trade in services and transportation economics.

Erik Engberg, PhD student (Örebro University; Ratio) (August 17, 2020 - )

Erik is a PhD student in economics at Örebro University and Ratio. Most recently, he worked as an analyst at Growth Analysis (government agency), analysing and reporting on trade, innovation policy, venture capital, entrepreneurship and evaluations of public suppport to enterprises. Erik has previously studied at the universities in Uppsala and Stockholm as well as at Harvard University.

Holger Görg, professor (Kiel Institute for the World Economy; Institute for the Study of Labour, IZA)

Holger G. is a professor and the head of research area “Global Division of Labour” at the highly ranked Kiel Institute for the World Economy and a fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labour (IZA) in Bonn, Germany.

Hildegunn Kyvik-Nordås, professor (Örebro University; Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, NUPI)

Hildegunn is a professor at Örebro University, Sweden, and a research professor at NUPI in Norway. She works on trade and trade policy issues, focusing on the interaction between trade policy, trade, technology and labour market adjustments. She has worked in the OECD where she has led the work on trade and trade policy in the services sectors. Previous work experience includes research and teaching positions at the Chr. Michelsen Institute, the University of Bergen, SNF, University of Western Cape, WTO, and visiting scholar to Stanford University.

Magnus Lodefalk, associate professor (Örebro University; Ratio; Global Labor Organization, GLO)

Magnus is an associate professor and co-directs the EU-funded transnational Trade and Investment in Services Network. For more than a decade, he has worked with comprehensive longitudinal register data for Swedish firms and workers, e.g., studying structural changes in the form of servicification of firms and, recently, migrant employment and the effects of both phenomena on firm performance. Magnus also has broad experience of analysis of international trade and trade policy, with a focus on the WTO. Lodefalk has headed capacity building in the area as well as lectured extensively on issues related to international trade and trade policy. Between 2003 and 2014, he worked at the National Board of Trade (Kommerskollegium) in Sweden.

Natália Monteiro, assistant professor (University of Minho)

Natália is an assistant professor at University of Minho, Portugal. She is a labour economist with extensive experience in analysing labour earnings and work organisation and has published in top journals, e.g., Labour Economics.

Radka Sabolova, postdoctoral researcher (Örebro University; Ratio)

Radka Sabolová is a postdoctoral researcher with a PhD in mathematical statistics. Her experience includes research at the Open University, UK, dealing with large sparse data. She also worked as a senior data scientist for a major Czech bank and has solid programming skills and experience with analysing large datasets.

Sarah Schroeder, assistant professor (Aarhus University)

Sarah is an assistant professor in economics at Aarhus University, Denmark, and a Fellow of the Research Centre for Firms and Industry Dynamics (FIND). Her research lies at the intersection of international trade and labour economics, with a current focus on the effects of globalisation on labour market outcomes.

Aili Tang, postdoctoral researcher (Örebro University; Ratio)

Aili Tang is a postdoctoral researcher in economics. As a co-investigator in a previous project on trade financing and firm performance, she has acquired in-depth experience with state-of-the-art micro-econometric analysis of linked employer-employee data.

Computer science

The seven experts in various aspects of artificial intelligence and autonomous systems are located at Microsoft, USA, the Center for Applied Autonomous Sensor Systems (AASS), Örebro University, Sweden, and Aalto University, Finland.

Already in 1997, Microsoft used AI (machine learning, ML) and it has since made multiple breakthroughs, most recently, e.g., in object and speech recognition as well as machine translation and reading comprehension. AI is infused in several of their offers. AASS is internationally recognised for its expertise within AI and robotics and is deeply involved in the EU-funded, large-scale research initiative AI4EU. Aalto University is co-hosting the Finnish Center for AI, a flagship of the Finnish Academy of Science.

Mehul Bhatt, professor (Örebro University)

Mehul is a professor in computer science with expertise in artificial intelligence, cognitive science (specialising on visuospatial cognition), human-computer interaction, and design computing and cognition. Previously, Mehul Bhatt was Professor within the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics at the University of Bremen (Germany) and Stiftungs Professor at the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI Bremen).

Franziska Klügl, professor (Örebro University)

Franziska is a professor in IT with a background in software engineering for agentbased ystems, primarily related to simulation. She has a broad overview of AI, having taught in computer science for almost a decade. She was programme and local chair of diverse conferences in the area of multiagent systems at the international and national levels. She was also a board member of EURAMAS (European Association for Multiagent Systems) and a member of the editorial board of the German AI Journal. She will be General Chair of the German AI Conference 2020.

Martin Längkvist, researcher (Örebro University)

Martin is a researcher at the Machine Perception and Interaction Lab at the AASS Research Center at Örebro University. He received his PhD in Information Technology in 2015. His research interest is in machine learning, deep learning and representational learning from raw sensory data.

Rashmi Misra, PhD (Microsoft Corp., USA)

Rashmi holds a PhD in AI and is general manager for AI Platforms, Business Development, at Microsoft, USA. She holds six international patents and is very experienced in ML methods, data scientific methods and NLP techniques.

Miloš N. Mladenović, assistant professor (Aalto University)

Miloš is an assistant professor of transport systems at Aalto University, Finland. His expertise includes development, assessment and governance of emerging mobility technologies, as well as development of expert-based decision-support systems. Miloš is currently finishing his engagement within the EU Commission expert group advising on specific ethical issues raised by driverless mobility.

Federico Pecora, associate professor (Örebro University)

Federico is an associate professor in computer science with expertise in constraint-based reasoning, automated planning/scheduling, robot coordination and motion planning.

Todor Stoyanov, associate professor (Örebro University)

Todor is an associate professor in computer science with expertise in perception algorithms, reinforcement learning for manipulation, semantic labelling and classification. He is co-principal-investigator in an on-going WASP/AI collaborative project.


Helena Hansson-Nylund, Project co-ordinator (Örebro University)

Affiliated researchers

Jonas Grafström, assistant professor (Luleå University of Technology; Ratio)

Jonas is a researcher at the Ratio Institute, assistant professor at Luleå University of Technology and a visiting fellow at Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. He defended his thesis in 2017. In 2018, he was selected by the Publication “Current Sustainability” as one of the top sustainability professionals under the age of 33 in Sweden. Furthermore, his research interests include issues such as technological change and labor markets, carbon capture, and Chinese wind power. In April 2020, he released a new book on technology and labor markets: "Moderna tider 4.0" at Volante publishing.

Sebastian Krakowski, postdoctoral researcher (Stockholm School of Economics; Ratio)

Sebastian is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Stockholm School of Economics (House of Innovation) and The Ratio Institute, with an educational background in economics and management. He obtained his Ph.D. at the University of Geneva (Geneva School of Economics and Management) in 2020 with his dissertation entitled “Artificial Intelligence in Organizations: Strategy and Decision Making in the Digital Age.” During his doctoral studies, he spent one year as a visiting researcher at Warwick Business School (Behavioural Science Group). His research interests include artificial intelligence, behavioral theory, and decision making. His research on AI has been published in the Academy of Management Review.

Joakim Wernberg, research director (Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum)

Joakim Wernberg works as research director at the Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum. He has a background in engineering physics and holds a PhD in economic geography. His primary research interests are the interactions between technological and economic change, digital entrepreneurship and complex adaptive systems. In 2019, his report on humans, machines and tomorrow's work was released (in Swedish).